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Entries for June 2007

23
 
Who says wrestling are only for muscular men? These little tykes show what they are made of at the National Wrestling Centre.
 
What comes to your mind when the word “wrestling” is mentioned? Violence? Aggression? Muscular wrestlers battling it out in World Wrestling Entertainment’s (WWE) ring?
 
It’s time to free up your Saturdays to learn a little bit more about Freestyle Wrestling.
 
Sergei Beloglazov, two-time Olympic and six-time World Champion Wrestler, specially created a training model just for children aged 7-16! At the Wrestling Federation of Singapore, children will work their way through a 10-week course towards achieving the yellow grade and will receive a Certificate of Participation once the course has been completed.
 
Wrestling isn’t all that bad. In fact, as a sport, it helps enhance participants’ overall development such as confidence, mental strength, self-discipline and respect.
 
At only $85 per participant, children will undergo one and a half hours’ of training each week with two of Wrestling Foundation’s qualified instructors.
 
Two sessions will be conducted each week. The first session starting at 10.30am to 12.00pm for ages 7-12 years old while the second session starting at 12.00pm will be for 13-16 year olds.
 
Registration can be done over the phone (62804748), walk-in at the National Wrestling Centre at 102 Upper Aljunied Rd, Singapore 367855 or online via the website (www.singaporewrestling.com)

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23
 
 
When we sent out advertisements for the second National Coaching Accreditation Programme (NCAP) Technical Level I Wrestling Coaching Course, we hoped to get 6 to 10 coaches to enroll. We were completely surprised and excited when we had more than 30 people signing up for the course. Since learning wrestling is a "hands-on" sport we felt that more than 30 would compromise the quality of the course, thus, capping the number. With the exception of a few who had experience either as athletes or coaches in martial arts, most had no prior experience with wrestling. 
 
The intense weekend-long coaching course consisted of units, such as strength training, flexibility training, methods for recovery, psychology of competition, and practice organisation. Most of the time was spent on learning wrestling techniques from two times Olympic Champion, Sergei Beloglazov. The more academic units were covered quickly since these could be learned by reading the coaching manual. Wrestling techniques on the other hand required each coach to feel how to do a move. The balance and pressure of each technique needed a hands-on approach from Sergei. The coaches were on the mat, learning techniques for about seven hours daily, over a two-day period. At the end of Sunday's afternoon session, most were physically and mentally exhausted.
 
The lone female participant, Ms Kandice Aura Mallonga, 24, a former wrestler from the Philippines found the course very useful as it helped refreshes her knowledge of various techniques. Sergei National Registry of Coaches (NROC) Swimming Coach with a black belt in Taekwondo, Mr Dion Gan Teck Chye, praised the interactive hands-on approach and foresees opportunities in the coaching this new sport.
 
After the weekend session, the coaches are required to put in an additional 60 hours of training of which a minimum of 30 hours has to be spent practicing at the national training centre reinforcing what was learned during the weekend. In addition to the time spent at the national training centre, coaches can also get credits for the hours they spend running practices on their own. After completing the 60 hours the coaches then need to take a comprehensive written test in order to complete the NCAP Technical Level I Coaching Certificate.
 
The coaches with the NCAP Technical Level I certificates are able to train wrestlers up to yellow belt. In order to train wrestlers to higher levels, the coaches will need to earn the Level II or Level III certificates. The belt system is something that was developed by the Wrestling Federation of Singapore to help retain and motivate young wrestlers. The first few levels are based on the technique learned and the higher belts are earned through performance. Since wrestling is new to Singapore, these newly trained coaches will immediately have opportunities to coach in several venues like clubs or school teams.
 
For more information, please contact the Wrestling Federation of Singapore.
 

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21
 
The Play Times takes a look at one of the most common wrestling techniques used- the Single-leg takedown

Takedown

A takedown is a wrestling and combat sports term for a technique that involves off-balancing an opponent and bringing him or her to the ground, typically with the combatant performing the takedown landing on top. The process of quickly advancing on an opponent and attempting a takedown is known as shooting for a takedown, or simply shooting. Takedowns are usually distinguished from throws by the forward motion and target of advancement (typically the legs); the terms are used interchangeably for techniques. Takedowns are featured in all forms of wrestling and stand-up grappling.

Single-leg takedown

The Single-leg takedown is one of the commonly used wrestling techniques often seen in competition, the other being the double-leg takedown and the leg trip. There are many variations of the single-leg such as the low single and with that comes countless finishes that can be performed in combination with the single-leg in order to take the opponent down to the mat.

a)      Finishes from the single-leg

Barsagar

The name for this move comes from an Iranian wrestler in the 1970’s who used the move quite effectively. Another name for this technique is the far knee block. This move is commonly used as a finish to the single leg take down.

How to do it - Lift the opponent's left knee so that it is up on your thigh. At the same time, drive into him by stepping across with your left foot and reach with your left hand to the outside of his right knee.

*Tips: Do not try to chop his knee, just block it and continue to drive into the opponent to force him over his right leg.

 

b)     Transition to the double-leg

This move is another common finish to the single-leg takedown that comes naturally and is one of the easiest finishes to learn off a single-leg.

How to do it - Stick your head out by the side of side of your opponent and grab both of your opponents legs behind the knees and drive diagonally across lifting your opponent off the air and straight onto his back.

*Tips: Make sure you grab behind the knees and drive diagonally forward instead of grabbing too high up on the hips as the opponent may be able to sprawl on you.

Defence to the single-leg

Sprawl

Single-leg takedowns can be countered by sprawling. A sprawl is a wrestling term for a defensive technique that is done in response to certain takedown attempts, typically double or single leg takedown attempts. The sprawl is performed by scooting the legs backwards, so as to land on the upper back of the opponent attempting the takedown. The resultant position is also known as a sprawl or sprawling position.

Ideally, the sprawling athlete should arch his back forward as much as possible and keep his knees off the mat. His options here include attempting to gain leverage on the lower back by hooking underneath the elbows; throwing in a headlock; and grabbing his opponent's ankles and trying spin around and get behind his opponent.
 

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21
 

The term wrestling is an Old English word that originated some time before 1100 A.D. It is perhaps the oldest word still in use in the English language to describe hand-to-hand combat. The Merriam-Webster online dictionary defines wrestling as "a sport or contest in which two unarmed individuals struggle hand-to-hand with each attempting to subdue or unbalance the other".

 

Ancient Wrestling

·                Shuai Jiao, a wrestling style originating in China, has a reported history of over 4,000 years.

·                In Pharaonic Egypt, wrestling has been evidenced by documentation on tombs (circa 2300 BC) and Egyptian artwork (2000-1085 BC).

·                Greek wrestling was a popular form of martial art (about 1100 to 146 BC).

·                Roman Wrestling: After the Roman conquest of the Greeks, Greek wrestling was absorbed by the Roman culture and became Roman Wrestling during the period of the Roman Empire from 510 BC to AD 500.

·                Arabic literature depicted Muhammad as a skilled wrestler.

Modern Wrestling

Greco-Roman wrestling and modern freestyle wrestling were soon regulated in formal competitions.

·                Greco-Roman wrestling became an event at the first modern Olympic games, in Athens in 1896. Since 1908, the event has been in every Summer Olympics.

·                Freestyle wrestling became an Olympic event, in 1904. Women's freestyle wrestling was added to the Summer Olympics in 2004.

Since 1921, the International Federation of Associated Wrestling Styles (FILA) has regulated amateur wrestling as an athletic discipline, while professional wrestling has largely become infused with theatrics.

Amateur wrestling is the most widespread form of sport wrestling. There are two international wrestling styles performed in the Olympic Games under the supervision of FILA: Greco-Roman and freestyle.

Freestyle wrestling is an international discipline and an Olympic sport, for both men and women. This style allows the use of the wrestler's or his opponent's legs in offense and defense and the prime victory condition in this style involves the wrestler winning by pinning his opponent on the mat.

 

Scoring

Points can be scored in the following ways:

·                Takedown: A wrestler gaining control over his opponent from a neutral position.

·                Reversal: A wrestler gaining control over his opponent from a defensive position.

·                Exposure or the Danger Position: A wrestler exposing his opponent's back to the mat for several seconds, also awarded if one's back is to the mat but the wrestler is not pinned.

·                Penalty: Various infractions (e.g. striking the opponent, acting with brutality or intent to injure, using illegal holds, etc.).

 

A match can be won in the following ways:

  • Win by Fall: A fall, also known as a pin, occurs when one wrestler holds both of his opponents' shoulders on the mat simultaneously.
  • Win by Technical Superiority: If one wrestler gains a 6-point lead over his opponent at any point in the period, the current period is declared over, and he is the winner of that period. Also, if a wrestler executes one 5-point throw or two 3-point throws in a single period, the current period is declared over, and he is the winner of that period by technical superiority. If a wrestler wins two out of three periods in this way, he is then the winner of the match by technical superiority.
  • Win by Decision: If neither wrestler achieves either a fall or technical superiority, the wrestler who scored more points during the period is declared the winner of that period. If the wrestlers have gained the same number of points at the period's end, then the winner is determined in the following order:
    • 1. The number of cautions given to each wrestler for penalties
    • 2. Most three-point moves
    • 3. Most two-point moves
    • 4. Most one-point moves
    • 5. Last technical point scored.

·         Win by Default: If one wrestler is unable to continue participating for any reason or fails to show up on the mat after his name was called 3 times before the match begins, his opponent is declared the winner of the match by default, forfeit or withdrawal.

·         Win by Injury: If one wrestler is injured and unable to continue, the other wrestler is declared the winner. This is also referred to as a medical forfeit or injury default. The term also encompasses situation where wrestlers become ill, take too many injury time-outs, or bleed uncontrollably. If a wrestler is injured by his opponent’s illegal manoeuvre and cannot continue, the wrestler at fault is disqualified.

·         Win by Disqualification: Normally, if a wrestler is assessed 3 cautions for breaking the rules, he is disqualified. Under other circumstances, such as flagrant brutality, the match may be ended immediately and the wrestle disqualified and removed from the tournament.

In freestyle, if neither wrestler has scored a point at the end of the two-minute period then a procedure known as The Clinch is used to decide the winner. The referee flips a colored disk with a blue side and a red side. This determined which wrestler will take the opponent's leg while kneeling in front of his opponent. Once the referee blows his whistle, the kneeling wrestler has 30 seconds to score a point and win the period. If he does not score or his opponent scores first, then the wrestler whose leg was taken to start the period is declared the winner.

 

Equipment

While there is not much equipment that a wrestler wears, it is still highly specialized. A wrestling singlet is a one-piece, tight-fitting, colored, lycra uniform. The uniform is tight-fitting so as not to get grasped accidentally by the opponent and allows the referee to see each wrestler's body clearly when awarding points or a pin. Women wrestlers wear a higher cut singlet usually with a sports-bra underneath.

 

Wrestling shoes are light, flexible, thin-soled, ankle-high sneakers that allow maximum speed and traction on the mat without giving up ankle support. The current rules call for laces (if any) to be covered so that they do not come untied during competition.

In American high school and college wrestling headgear is mandatory to protect the ears from cauliflower ear and other injuries. Headgear is made from molded plastic polymer or vinyl coated energy absorbing foam over a rigid hard liner and strapped to the head tightly. In the international styles headgear is optional.

Wrestling is conducted on a padded mat that must have excellent shock absorption, tear resistance, and compression qualities. Most mats are made of PVC rubber nitrile foam. Recent advances in technology have brought about new mats made using closed cell, cross-linked polyethylene foam covered in vinyl backed with non-woven polyester.

 

 

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Monday, June 18, 2012
LIONSXII RAN RIOT AGAINST SABAH WITH A 9-0 VICTORY
It was a night to remember for LionsXII and the 6,289 fans at th...
Tuesday, June 12, 2012
HOME UNITED BASKETBALL CLUB WINS FOURTH WOMEN’S NATIONAL BASKETBALL CHAMPIONSHIP
Home United Basketball Club won the 2012 Women’s National ...
Monday, June 04, 2012
SINGAPORE FOUGHT OFF DETERMINED INDONESIA TO WIN MEN’S UNDER-23 AND WOMEN’S WATER POLO GOLD
Singapore and Indonesia went head-to-head in the men’s Und...
Friday, June 01, 2012
SOUTHEAST ASIA FINEST AQUATIC STARS TO COMPETE IN INAUGURAL SEA SWIMMING CHAMPIONSHIPS
Friday, June 01, 2012
Shape Run 2012
Wednesday, May 30, 2012
SINGAPORE WATER POLO MEN’S TEAM KICKS OFF SEA SWIMMING CHAMPIONSHIPS WITH AN EMPHATIC WIN OVER THAILAND
Singapore kick started their bid to prove they are the region...